Well, in this section, I would like to make resume from several sources about PHONOLOGY. while continuing my study for my S1, I had found that there are many of students don't know what is phonology even after they have passed the subject.
by seeing the problem above, I write down here, what is phonology itself. From Wikipedia (8 des 2010), Phonology (from Ancient Greek: φωνή, phōnḗ, "voice, sound" and λόγος, lógos, "word, speech, subject of discussion") is the systematic use of sound to encode meaning in any spoken human language, or the field of linguistics studying this use. Just as a language has syntax and vocabulary, it also has a phonology in the sense of a sound system. When describing the formal area of study, the term typically describes linguistic analysis either beneath the word (e.g., syllable, onset and rhyme, phoneme, articulatory gestures, articulatory feature, mora, etc.) or to units at all levels of language that are thought to structure sound for conveying linguistic meaning.
It is viewed as the subfield of linguistics that deals with the sound systems of languages. Whereas phonetics is about the physical production, acoustic transmission and perception of the sounds of speech, phonology describes the way sounds function within a given language or across languages to encode meaning. The term "phonology" was used in the linguistics of a greater part of the 20th century as a cover term uniting phonemics and phonetics. Current phonology can interface with disciplines such as psycholinguistics and speech perception, resulting in specific areas like articulatory or laboratory phonology.
while from Education.yahoo.com, there are two meanings of phonology those are:
- The study of speech sounds in language or a language with reference to their distribution and patterning and to tacit rules governing pronunciation.
- The sound system of a language: the phonology of English.
|The phonological system of a language includes|
|Phonology is just one of several aspects of language. It is related to other aspects such as phonetics, morphology, syntax, and pragmatics.|
|Here is an illustration that shows the place of phonology in an interacting hierarchy of levels in linguistics:|
|Comparison: Phonology and phonetics|
|Models of phonology|
Different models of phonology contribute to our knowledge of phonological representations and processes:
Sounds play an important role developing fluency and control over the language, pronunciation, stress and apt sound of each word play an important role in improving the language of a person.
Phonology can be classified in the following way:
It is based on the classification of the sounds and such as the inventory of sounds and their features.
And the next would be of the rules based on which the sounds interact with one another.
Phonology is one of the fields of speech therapy it is also related to other aspects such as phonetics, morphology, syntax and pragmatics.
Let us see how phonology differs from phonetics:
It is organised in the following way: